Luis Alberto Lacalle de Herrera was the president of Uruguay from 1990 to 1995. His liberal market economic reforms suffered a severe setback in 1992 when far-reaching privatisation plans were stopped by a referendum. In an interview with Jan Hofmeyr, Program Manager of the South African Institute for Justice and Reconciliation, held on 20 September 2011 he speaks of reconciliation and amnesty after a military dictatorship as well as privatisation and political communication.
From 1989 to 1991, Petre Roman was the first post-communist prime minister of Romania. In the weeks after the fall of Ceausescu, the politically inexperienced engineer had to simultaneously stabilise, democratise and modernise the political landscape. In an interview held on 20 September 2011 with Ibrahim Hegazy, Professor at the American University in Cairo, he explains the conditions required for a successful regime change and the first steps in stabilising a new democratic order.
Norbert Mao is the leader of the Democratic Party in Uganda. He was its presidential candidate in 2011 when he campaigned and lost against the current president Museveni. He had previously won the gubernatorial elections in the northern Gulu district in 2006. There he successfully mediated between the armed rebels of the Lord’s Resistance Army and the Ugandan government. In an interview with Ugandan journalist Tom Gawaya Tegulle held in spring 2011, he discusses his self-image as a politician and the reasons for his successes in conflict management.
Jorge Jamil Mahuad Witt was the president of Ecuador from 1998 to 2000. He was forced to resign in the midst of a severe financial crisis due to demonstrations and a military revolt. During his period of office, Mahuad successfully settled a serious border dispute with Peru. In an interview with Togolese advisor Nicole Kekeh, he names the factors contributing to the success in his negotiations with Peruvian president Fujimori.